Dandiya, the most awaited
traditional dance festival of India.
Navratri, the festival of nights, lasts for 9 days with three days
each devoted to worship of Ma Durga, the Goddess of Valor, Ma Lakshmi, the
Goddess of Wealth and Ma Saraswati, the Goddess of Knowledge. During the
nine days of Navratari, feasting and fasting take precedence over all normal
daily activities amongst the Hindus. Evenings give rise to the religious
dances in order to worhip Goddess Durga Maa.
1st - 3rd day of Navratri
On the first day of the Navaratras, a small bed of mud is prepared in the
puja room of the house and barley seeds are sown on it. On the tenth day,
the shoots are about 3 - 5 inches in length. After the puja, these seedlings
are pulled out and given to devotees as a blessing from god. These initial
days are dedicated to Durga Maa, the Goddess of power and energy. Her
various manifestations, Kumari, Parvati and Kali are all worshipped during
these days. They represent the three different classes of womanhood that
include the child, the young girl and the mature woman.
4th - 6th day of Navratri
During these days, Lakshmi Maa, the Goddess of peace and prosperity is
worshipped. On the fifth day which is known as Lalita Panchami, it is
traditional, to gather and display all literature available in the house,
light a lamp or 'diya' to invoke Saraswati Maa, the Goddess of knowledge and
7th - 8th day of Navratri
These final days belong to Saraswati Maa who is worshipped to acquire the
spiritual knowledge. This in turn will free us from all earthly bondage. But
on the 8th day of this colourful festival, yagna (holy fire) is performed.
Ghee (clarified butter), kheer (rice pudding) and sesame seeds form the holy
offering to Goddess Durga Maa.
The festival of Navratri culminates in Mahanavami. On this day Kanya Puja
is performed. Nine young girls representing the nine forms of Goddess Durga
are worshiped. Their feet are washed as a mark of respect for the Goddess
and then they are offered new clothes as gifts by the worshiper. This ritual
is performed in most parts of the country.